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luisod    1

A tessitura não é a altura, mas o alcance (range) conseguido quer por instrumento quer pela voz, do tom mais grave ao mais agudo.

Já agora como é que se chama a propriedade do som que classifica os sons como graves e agudos? :lol: :lol: :lol:

Não é a Altura?!?!?!

Já agora pessoal, se quiserem alguma definição em particular PM-me à vontade que eu posso consultar o dicionário que referi acima. Mesmo que existam outras respostas, pelo menos pode ser um ponto de partida.

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A cena da tessitura, já foi explicada, temos uma visão do Carter, uma do Luisod e outra da Minizephyr.

Já agora como é que se chama a propriedade do som que classifica os sons como graves e agudos?   

Não é a Altura?!?!?!

Sim, mas tessitura é a extensão e os extremos em altura que um instrumento consegue dar. O piano tem uma tessitura de 7 oitavas e meia de Lá -1 a Dó 7.

O timbre é conferido pelo material usado para construir instrumentos

Posso-te confirmar que não isto não é completamente verdade, se me permites:

O caso da flauta transversal ->

O sumário só para abrir o apetite para a discussão:

The discussion on the influence of the material of wind instruments on the sound color is unending. While acousticians speak mostly of a negligible influence, players are convinced that the material highly influences the color of the radiated sound. This paper reports on experiments done with 7 different flute materials and 110 testpersons, where the price of the instruments is between € 3,000.- and € 73,000.- (!). Double blind tests and statistical analysis showed players‘ and listeners´stereotyped ideas on that matter and the non-recognizability of the used material. Sound analysis pointed out big differences in the sound level and sound color of played tones caused by the player and just measurable but not perceivable differences (< 0,5 dB) in sound color caused by the material.

O timbre depende das caractarerísticas físicas do instrumento e da execução do músico. À pouco tempo analisei o som de uma Trompa, com o fim de perceber as caractarísticas tonais desta. Fiquei a saber que estas são dependentes do Espectro, que tem um pouco a ver com aquilo que o Johnny disse:

o timbre resulta da combinação da frequências fundamental (a nota em questão, Lá por exemplo) com os harmónicos (múltiplos inteiros da fundamental, para lá=440 Hertz o 1º harmónico está nos 880 Hz o 2º nos 1320 Hz e por aí fora

Se bem que em alguns instrumentos o primeiro harmónico não tem tanta energia, sendo o 2º mais importante para o timbre, e nos registos mais graves dalguns instrumentos a fundamental é mais fraca que vários harmónicos que se lhe seguem.

Outra característica é o Transiente inicial - o ataque - pelo qual reconhecemos grande parte dos instrumentos. A última é a Dinâmica, ao darmos um "forte" num instrumento, não significa que existe apenas o aumento dos harmónicos que aparecem numa mesma nota menos "forte", é acompanhada sim, não sei se em todos os instrumentos, de uma extensão dos harmónicos. Um "forte" tem maior intensidade que um "piano", mas também um espectro ("timbre") diferente.

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chad    0

4/4 beat: The most basic pulsation of a music beat. (Armen Janjanian)

Acid Rock: Genre of Rock that was "founded" in the late 1960s in America, often associated with psychedelic drugs. Its style featured heavy guitars, instrumental improvisation, for the time new sounds, and light shows.

Examples: HAWKWIND. (Alex Melzer)

Air guitar: Pretending to play the guitar to a song, either in front of the stereo or at a concert, by performing the same motions (more or less) as the real guitarist. In many cases goes along with headbanging as well. (Alex Melzer)

Airplay: Broadcast of a song via radio, TV or internet. (Alex Melzer)

Alternate Picking: Picking in alternate directions (up-down-up-down). (Alex Melzer)

Alternative Rock/Metal: In the beginning of the 90s frustrated youths searched for a vent. They did not want the pure noise of the Punks, nor the narcissist hair spray bands. And this vent had been produced in North American Seattle: "Nevermind", the second album of NIRVANA around future cult figure Kurt Cobain, represented the sound that for a while dictated the world of Rock and which can best be described with two words: melancholic and melodic. Negative, frustrated lyrics and musicians that rather looked like homeless than super stars. With the suicide of scene leader Kurt Cobain 1994 Grunge died, too, in a more commercial way this music can be found in the charts again under the banner Alternative.

Examples: STAIND, CREED, 3 DOORS DOWN, NICKELBACK. (Rainer Köninger)

AOR: Acronym for Adult Oriented Rock or also Airplay Oriented Rock. A kind of very melodic and often very slick (and very well) produced Hard Rock. Often keyboards play a quite important role in the band's sound and has more chances to be played in regular radio that most other sub-genres of Rock/Metal.


Arpeggio: This is a broken chord in which the individual tones are sounded one after another instead of simultaneously. (Alex Melzer)

Avantgarde Metal: Avantgarde technically is not applicable to a music style alone, but to a whole art form, which is "ahead of its time". Applied to Metal, Avantgarde bands take Progressive Metal on to the next level, often with very complex and at times abstract song structures, taking up genre foreign influences. Even more than with Progressive Metal the complexity of the song material and the, as said, often abstract song structures make Avantgarde Metal very hard to digest for the regular Metalhead, therefore the fan base of bands like this is usually rather limited, yet all the more fervent.

Examples: SOLEFALD, EPHEL DUATH. (Alex Melzer)

Backbeat: To accent/emphasize the second and fourth beats in 4/4 time or the second in 2/2 time. (Alex Melzer)

Bass line: A riff on the bass guitar. (Armen Janjanian)

Bass drum: Most common 22" wide and quite deep. the name speaks for itself in sound, You use a kick pedal on the bass drum with various clubs like wood, plastic or a softhead club...the harder the club is the more "click/punch" You get in the sound. (Robin Engström)

Bay Area Thrash: Common description for the Thrash Metal coming from the area around the San Francisco Bay, where in the early to mid Eighties bands like METALLICA, MEGADETH, TESTAMENT, HEATHEN or EXODUS left their big imprint on this style. (Alex Melzer)

Beat: Regular pulsation, a basic unit of length in musical time. (Alex Melzer)

Black Metal: Extreme form of Metal. Basically Black Metal can be divided into two main directions, the traditional, grim Black Metal and the more atmospheric Symphonic Black Metal. Both have in common a rather hateful overall atmosphere, mostly screamed/shrieked/hissed vocals, often satanic or hateful lyrics and a quite common visual appearance with corpse paint, leather and spikes, often they also pose with swords, warhammers and similar accessories.


Blastbeat: A very fast kind of drumbeat, it demands a kind of "special technique" and flexibility in one's wrists... (Robin Engström)

Bodhran: Hand-held frame drum with a single goatskin head; used in Irish traditional music and also in Folk Metal like PRIMORDIAL or CRUACHAN. (Alex Melzer)

Break: A short passage that "breaks" one part of a song by a rhythm change or short "solo". (Alex Melzer)

Bridge: Passage that connects two parts of a composition, like verse and chorus. (Alex Melzer)

Cartridge Belts: A quite common accessory among Metalheads. Allegedly it shows the fascination and connection of many Metal bands and fans to war and related topics. (Alex Melzer)

Chord: A combination of three or more tones sounded at the same time. (Alex Melzer)

Chord progression: A series of chords played in succession. (Armen Janjanian)

Chorus: A chorus is the part between the verses, which is repeated numerous times. It basically is the heart piece of a song and is responsible for the memorability. The chorus often contains the song title or the theme of the song. Ask a fan for a lyrical excerpt from a song and in 9 out of 10 cases he will sing the chorus. (Patrick Weiler)

Click Track: A metronome (either digitally produced or recorded) that marks the exact timing by a regular tick to help musicians keeping the exact rhythm. (Alex Melzer)

Cover Version: A song played or recorded by an artist, that already had been recorded/published by a different artist before. (Alex Melzer)

Crowd Surfing: When the crowd on a concert lifts up a person into the air and carries him around above themselves. Easiest way to do crowd surfing is to jump off the stage and into the audience and hope that the audience won't move away. ("Project: No Survival")

Crossover: There are two definitions for Crossover, which have changed quote a bit over the years. Originally Crossover was a mixture of Thrash Metal and Hardcore, maybe founded by bands like D.R.I. and SUICIDAL TENDENCIES. During the Nineties the mix of groovy Metal and mostly rapping vocals was labelled Crossover, roundabout starting with bands like RAGE AGAINST THE MACHINE and the likes, creating a big wave that went all over the globe. In the meantime the expression Crossover is kind of floating in the vacuum, not attached to a certain style…


Cymbal: Mainly made of brass/copper, flat (looks like a plate, heh) and it makes those high pitch crashing noises. (Robin Engström)

Death Metal: Another extreme form of Metal. It started out as the most violent, hateful and extreme form of Metal known to mankind. While there again are two different streams in Death Metal (the American school and the Gothenburg sound), they have a few things in common: mostly fast to very fast tempo, often with blastbeats, down tuned guitars and the trademark growling vocals (in most cases undecipherable). There can be slow chugging riffs with simple drumming patterns to superior fretwork and speedpicking with blastbeats.


DigiPak: A plastic coated cardboard packaging of a CD that resembles a book. Regularly a DigiPak consists of a front and a back cover with the tray glued to the cardboard. The front cover is basically just a flap often with a cut on the inside for the booklet. DigiPaks are more flexible than the jewel case and can come in various different forms with added sheets of cardboard. (Jari Huusko)

Dirge: A slow, sad song. (Alex Melzer)

Discography: List of all releases of an artist. (Alex Melzer)

Dissonance: Combination of notes that sound discordant, disharmonic. (Alex Melzer)

Doom Metal: The altogether most probably slowest music imaginable, more or less invented by BLACK SABBATH. The main characteristic of Doom Metal is the slowness and heaviness of the songs, sometimes put to extremes in terms of speed (or lack thereof). This very often results in an overall sad and melancholic feeling that usually is further enhanced by minor riffs that, too, emanate melancholy. There are basically two forms of Doom, the first being the more "dirty" sound of bands like ST.VITUS or OBSESSED, while the other brings the more epic and melodic side to the fore, with often very melodic and theatrical vocals and at times also more variation in the tempo. Altogether Doom Metal is the maybe most intense sub genre of Metal.


Doom/Death Metal: Being a hybrid of Doom Metal and Death Metal, it takes the slowness and heaviness, often also the melancholic melodies of Doom and combines it with the rough vocal delivery of Death Metal and some faster outbursts here and there. Technically Doom/Death Metal is the more brutal version of Doom Metal, while still maintaining the melody and melancholy of the original style.

Examples: MY DYING BRIDE, (early) ANATHEMA, (early) PARADISE LOST, (early) KATATONIA, RAPTURE. (Alex Melzer)

Double bass: A style of drumming, where both kick-drums are used in sequence to give a thunderous and heavy feel. Used often in Death Metal and Thrash Metal, but also common in Power Metal. (Armen Janjanian)

Drumbeat: The snare together with bass drum and hi hat makes out the basics in a drumbeat. (Robin Engström)

Duet: Piece for two voices or two instruments. (Alex Melzer)

Elegy: A sad or mournful poem. (Alex Melzer)

EP: Abbreviation for "Extended Play", meaning that it is not just a single, but usually has a playing time somewhere between a single and a complete album. (Alex Melzer)

Falsetto: A male singing very high notes above his natural vocal range, normally in the soprano range. (Alex Melzer)

Fill: Short, often improvised solo of an instrument in a pause between two phrases. (Alex Melzer)

Folk Metal: As the name implies, this is a mixture of Metal and Folk. The Metal part can be either the traditional kind or also often also can be taken from Black Metal. The Folk-part can range from the use of melodies from that style up to the use of authentic instruments, which ones, of course, depends on the Folk style implemented. Folk Metal per se is the more traditional Metal riffing with the respective Folk mixed in to more or less big parts.


Fretless bass: A bass guitar without any frets. Steve DiGiorgio (DEATH, TESTAMENT, SADUS) uses them. (Armen Janjanian)

Frets: The divisions on a guitar. (Armen Janjanian)

Funk Metal: Combination of Metal guitars, Funk-y bass lines and Rap/Hip Hop lyrics. In the late Eighties and early Nineties this sound became very popular in the skater scene.


Fusion: A mixture of jazzy improvisation and electric guitar music. (Alex Melzer)

Gig: Common expression for a single live concert. (Alex Melzer)

Glam Rock: The music is very poppy and contains plenty of catchy hooks and riffs. Lyric content is just about having fun. Nothing serious. The artists and their outfits are usually over the top and flamboyant. They wear make up and make you take notice of their actions. Bands eventually made it to MTV and from then on labels signed dozens of copies and clones, where the looks were more important than the music and therefore the whole "Hair Metal" extravaganza disappeared as fast as it had come…

Examples: T.REX, DEF LEPPARD, NEW YORK DOLLS, POISON. (Joe Florez/Alex Melzer)

Goregrind: Basically the same as Grindcore, with some small differences. The music is punctuated with gore lyrics, often as disgusting and offensive as possible. Again, this genre is about rhythm and brutality. Down-tuned, ultra fast guitars, growled, screamed, and gurgled vocals (they are so inarticulate that you could fill in your own blanks), and mostly blast beat drumming. (Harry Mazengarb)

Gothic Metal: As so often it has been the title of an album that founded a scene: "Gothic" (1991) by British PARADISE LOST was a milestone of heavy, but very sad guitar music. Additionally they had a female singer on board, a future genre defining "element", because in no part of guitar oriented music the female quota is higher than in Gothic Rock/Metal. Generally one could say that Gothic Metal is about sad topics and stuff like dead, longing for death or also romanticism, the musical side is just as widespread, so you can find slow and crushing variations as well as more electronic or a more orchestral and bombastic direction. Especially the latter kind has been popularised by bands like THEATRE OF TRAGEDY or TRISTANIA, the above mentioned attributes plus a female singer in mostly very high pitches. After this direction had almost "died", bands like SIRENIA or AFTER FOREVER gave it a new breath.


Gothic Rock: As usual, where there is a Metal, there also is a Rock, so also in Gothic. Gothic Rock has its roots back in the Eighties or even Seventies, with bands like BAUHAUS or THE SISTERS OF MERCY. The sound of these bands mostly was/is very dark and melancholic, with a big emphasis on dark, suicidal or also romantic lyrics and a strong visual image as well, black clothes, black hair, stark white skin. The genre bounced into greater popularity with a new breed of Gothic Rock bands with many of them coming from Finland such as H.I.M. and 69 EYES. With them the music changed into an even more romantic one and incorporated a more Pop approach while still keeping a certain level of melancholy with the band's image and the lyrics. With the darkly romantic and suicidal music especially H.I.M. have created a new Gothic Rock sub-genre called Love Metal.

Examples: THE SISTERS OF MERCY, BAUHAUS, H.I.M., 69 EYES. (Alex Melzer/Jari Huusko)

Grindcore: This genre is an amalgamation of Death Metal and Punk. The music is mostly played at an extremely fast tempo, and usually consists of blastbeats, simple chord progressions, and growled or screamed vocals. Grindcore is more about brutality than showcasing technicality, and the rhythm is the main point of the music, rather than melody or technical leads. The lyrics often deal with politics and society and almost always in a critical way. NAPALM DEATH are often considered to be the founders of this style.

Examples: NAPALM DEATH, NASUM, PIG DESTROYER. (Harry Mazengarb/Jari Huusko)

Guitar duel: Guitar passage where two (or more, where applicable...) guitarists take turn playing, often repeating the same basic pattern but gradually adding more and more complexity, thereby performing a 'duel' with their instruments. At times also done between guitar and keyboard. (Alex Melzer)

Hard Rock: The expression Hard Rock is quite open. Basically a big amount of bands that already had been playing heavy music before Heavy Metal was "born". Simplified Hard Rock is the next step above regular Rock of the ROLLING STONES kind and under Heavy Metal. The guitars turned louder, more distorted and wilder, the bass had more emphasis, the singer more whiskey in the voice and the drummer bees in the arse. Without Hard Rock, today there hardly would be any Heavy Metal.


Hardcore: In short Hardcore is politically charged Punk. The music is generally simple like Punk, but this is a heavier style. Originally born in the early 80's Hardcore were bands such as BLACK FLAG, ROLLINS BAND and MINOR THREAT. The lyrics dealt with society and politics and what's wrong with them. Speaking for rebellion, individuality and making a statement ideals such as straight edge spawned within the scene and made Hardcore not just music but a whole way of life (if it wasn't already). The music is much slower, using chugging chords and screamed/yelled vocals. The genre is known for breakdowns, slow and rhythmic riffs used to create a heavy sound. Lyrical subject matter varies, many bands sing in a tough guy style, others sing about unity and friendship, and many use straight edge messages. Nowadays many bands have incorporated even more Metal into their sound dimming the line between Hardcore and Metal and creating the sub-genre of Metalcore.

Examples: BLACK FLAG, ROLLINS BAND, MINOR THREAT. (Harry Mazengarb/Jari Huusko)

Harmony: A combination of notes played simultaneously and its relationship with interval and chords. Normally used for a very nice and flowing (i.e. harmonic) sound or melody. (Alex Melzer)

Headbanging: One trademark of Metal concerts (mostly), this is the repeated back and forth movement of your head, normally in the rhythm of the music playing. With the right length of hair, this creates a very interesting visual effect as well and if a whole bunch of people does so in unison, it becomes even more impressive. The movement can be head and neck only or take half the body into the motion, depending on the intensity. One variation of headbanging is the so called windmill. (Alex Melzer)

Hi-Hat: A set of two cymbals opposite each other on a special kind of stand which one can control with ones foot. Main use, to keep a straight beat basically. (Jari Huusko/Robin Engström)

Hook: The part of the song that is the most catchy, to gain your attention right away. (Alex Melzer)

Industrial Metal: Metal meets machines, to over-simplify it. Industrial Metal combines the heavy riffing of Metal with often mechanical sounds, samples, electronic beats and sound effects and distorted vocals.


Interlude: Brief piece of music or spoken word between two pieces of music. (Alex Melzer)

Intro: Abbreviation of "Introduction". In most cases a short instrumental piece (sometimes also spoken or with samples) at the beginning of an album or EP. (Alex Melzer)

Jam: Musicians coming together to play, not necessarily premeditated, but often with pure improvisation. (Alex Melzer)

Jewel Case: The regular packaging of a CD, a plastic case with hinged cover and either a grey/black or transparent insert, where the CD is in. (Alex Melzer)

Kutte: A "Kutte" is a jeans or leather jacket you sew on patches of your favourite bands. Mostly "Kutten" (plural) are without sleeves. It's "forbidden" to wash this holy Metal item!!! I think during the 80's "Kutten" were very widespread and common among Metalheads. It's not only clothing... you can use it at festivals or something when the ground is cold and whatnot The more your "Kutte" gets older the more it looks better and gets more expensive (mentally and physically). Some people baptize their "Kutten" with beer and sometimes with urine and mud. (Jan Hoffmann)

Label: Common term for a record company. (Alex Melzer)

LP: Abbreviation for "Long Play". Usually used for vinyl albums. (Alex Melzer)

Lead: When the lead instrument dominates the sound of a particular part of a song. Often as guitar leads. (Alex Melzer)

Make-up: Besides corpsepaint mostly found in Black Metal and the make up used by bands like KISS or King Diamond, make up mostly could be found in the Glam Rock era, where also male members donned tons of make up, mascara, lipstick etc., also with elaborate hairstyles (which in turn created the expression "Hair Metal"). (Alex Melzer)

Mastering: The final step of a recording before being ready for the duplication. Usually audio levels are evened out to guarantee the same level of loudness throughout the recording and little bumps are corrected. (Alex Melzer)

Melodic Death Metal: During the early/mid Nineties in Swedish town Göteborg (Gothenburg) a "new" sound took shape, mingling the intensity and vocals of Death Metal with the riffing and melodies of traditional Heavy Metal, creating a quite own style of Melodic Death Metal, where the emphasis is not so much on the brutality and speed, but features a lot more melodies/melodic guitar Examples: IN FLAMES, DARK TRANQUILLITY, AT THE GATES, CHILDREN OF BODOM. (Alex Melzer)

Melodic Metal: To many the difference between the traditional Heavy Metal and Melodic Metal is a mystery. But it is not that hard. Melodic Metal, so to say, is one step above Melodic Rock in heaviness, but one half step below (and besides) Heavy Metal. Compared to the traditional Heavy Metal Melodic Metal usually has less of an emphasis on the riffing and in many cases uses keyboards as additional instrument, with the, of course, melody being the focal point.

Examples: PINK CREAM 69, WHITE LION, ??? (Alex Melzer)

Merchandise: Material that is related to a band or artist, but is of non-musical nature. Like t-shirts, posters, mugs etc. (Alex Melzer)

Metalcore: A more modern style of Hardcore, this genre use elements of Metal. Bands incorporate double kick drumming and aggressive Metal riffs to form a much heavier style than usual Hardcore. Many bands adopt the Swedish style of Metal, using Melodic Death Metal riffs, combined with their Hardcore sound. Often these bands also use clean vocals combined with Hardcore screaming, and soft melodic passages.


Metalhead: Usual term for a fan of Heavy Metal, especially with increasing devotion to the music and life style. (Alex Melzer)

Metronome: Device (either mechanical or electronical) emitting a regular click or beep in beats per minute. (Alex Melzer)

Mosh Pit: Invented during the 80' when the Bay Area Thrash ruled the Metal scene. The Mosh Pit is a ring (note: only on a live concert) where people jump around a lot and into each other a lot to get the most adrenalin out of the concert. ("Project: No Survival") ("Project: No Survival")

MP3: File format for sounds, very popular for music transfers over the internet. (Alex Melzer)

Neo-Thrash Metal: At the end of the Eighties, beginning of the Nineties, tradiitonal Thrash Metal became less and less, split or changed their style. Some young bands, though, formed a new thrashy and at the same time heavy sound, which then would become known as Neo-Thrash Metal. This sound has the Thrash Metal speed, but with an added groove. The songs are mostly not just fast, but are loosened up with some slower parts as well. Compared to pure Thrash Metal the double bass playing plays a bigger role. In the middle of the Nineties this style saw its heyday and for many Metalheads it was the only true alternative to Grunge.

Examples: PANTERA, PRONG, MACHINE HEAD. (Patrick Weiler)

Note: Basic element of the scale. (Alex Melzer)

Nu-Metal: The most probably most controverse sub genre of Metal is called New Metal or Nu-Metal. Either you love this style or you hate it. What had been called Crossover or Rap Rock in the past, now is Nu-Metal and is often enriched by a psychopathic band image. The lyrics are aggressive and irate, the riffs heavy, but the music often remains danceable. Pioneers of this "new" sound had been KORN with their self titled debut album 1995, the second big and sound wise less extreme band had been LIMP BIZKIT, who had a mega hit in 1999 with "Significantly Other". The success could be explained with the mix of heavy guitars and Hip Hop, but surely also by a clever marketing of the sound.

Examples: KORN, LIMP BIZKIT, LINKIN PARK. (Rainer Köninger)

NWoBHM: Acronym for "New Wave of British Heavy Metal". After the initial success of British bands like BLACK SABBATH and DEEP PURPLE in the Mid-Seventies, Metal celebrated a strong comeback in the early Eighties (and Great Britain), propelled by bands like IRON MAIDEN, JUDAS PRIEST and SAXON, to name but a few, creating a very (nowadays called) traditional style with distinct riffing and rhythms. The NWoBHM soon also splashed over the borders of Great Britain and thus created an almost world wide resurgence of Hard Rock and Heavy Metal, maybe being the initial jump start for the whole genre. (Alex Melzer)

Outro: Opposite of "Intro(duction)". In most cases a short instrumental piece (sometimes also spoken or with samples) at the end of an album or EP. (Alex Melzer)

PA System: The system needed to amplify a musical performance for a larger audience, for example a concert. Normally consists of: Microphones, guitar pick ups, synthesizers etc, patch panel, mixer, equalizer and amplifier. (Alex Melzer)

Pagan Metal: Hard to pinpoint style, which is close to Death and Black Metal and often incorporates some folkish melodies and elements, often harsh vocals with some clean vocals to accentuate. Lyrically the bands mostly use pagan and heathen topics, thus the name.


Pick: Little piece of plastic/nylon (triangular or teardrop shaped) used by guitarists and partly also bassists to pluck or strum the strings with. Also called Plectrum. (Alex Melzer)

Pitch: Highness or lowness of a tone, depending on the frequency. (Alex Melzer)

Plectrum: Little piece of plastic/nylon (triangular or teardrop shaped) used by guitarists and partly also bassists to pluck or strum the strings with. Also called Pick. (Alex Melzer)

Power Chord: A chord consisting of the first (root), fifth and eighth degree (octave) of the scale. (Alex Melzer)

Power Metal: Evolving from Heavy Metal, Power Metal took that sound and made it faster and more powerful (hence the name), while still retaining the melody both in guitars and vocals. There are two "schools" of Power Metal, the American one, which puts more emphasis on riffing and a relatively "dry" vocal style, without big choirs or bombastic choruses, as well as the European school, which is more epic and bombastic in its approach, often with big choirs and a lot of orchestration. Often Power Metal uses Fantasy lyrics or lyrics about battles and mighty warriors.


Punk: Everybody knows what Punk is. Or maybe not? For many fans Punk is more the life style, less the three chord sound. It all started out with the STOOGES or the NEW YORK DOLLS, but what most people think about when they hear Punk has its roots in the England of the Mid-Seventies, with the legendary SEX PISTOLS and THE DAMNED. Wild, heavy, fast, loud - and for the most the right attitude, that's Punk. Under attitude most understood a "kiss my ass" attitude towards the system. They rebelled against everything and everybody, were rather unpolitical and ran around in torn clothing. But soon Punk also got mass compatible and lost much of its rebellishness. Still Punk (musically as well as life style) has survived until today, just that the most successful representatives rather have shallow and superficial lyrics than socially engaged ones.


Progressive Metal: Analogue to Progressive Rock, Progressive Metal is mostly defined by the complexity of its compositions. In most cases songs are very detailed and intricate, with a lot of breaks, time changes, extensive solo passages and complicated structures. Keyboards often are used as fifth instrument as well, but compared to Progressive Rock the guitars play a much bigger (i.e. heavier) role in the overall sound. Still there also are bands playing so-called "light Prog", which combines demand with accessibility, in most cases not getting too complex, so a wider audience has a chance to get into the music.


Progressive Rock: Progressive Rock most probably has the longest tradition. In every epoch of the past 30-40 years you could find bands that fit into this category. Starting with the BEATLES over the young GENESIS, YES, RUSH or, to name a younger representative, SPOCK'S BEARD. The songs of these bands often are very long and intricate. The songs often are complex, which is realised in many tempo changes, complicated solo passages or neck breaking soundscapes. The keyboard or piano is often used as fifth instrument. Often the sound also is a bit psychedelic, especially with the bands from the Seventies. Progressive Rock is so to say the ancestor of many Metal sub genres.

Examples: YES, (early) GENESIS, SPOCK'S BEARD, PENDRAGON, IQ. (Patrick Weiler)

Reverb: A sound bouncing off a reflective surface. (Alex Melzer)

Riff: A segment of music that is repeated at various stages of a song as the basic structure from which other music lines can be played over (fills, solos etc). Some songs, especially the case in extreme Metal, are made up of only a couple of riffs, with an emphasis placed on speed rather then melody, while mostly traditional Heavy Metal is very guitar riff oriented and often becomes a trademark for a song, yes, sometimes even for a whole band. (Alex Melzer/Drifting Darkness)

Royalties: The payment for the author, copyright owner or composer of a song, based upon a certain percentage of the income generated by copyrighted work (either from sales, broadcasts or performances). (Alex Melzer)

Session Musician: Musician, who is only hired for taking part in a recording or in live environment. The musicians are not part of the band and do also not receive any royalties. They work on contract, meaning that they receive a fixed sum for their services. (Alex Melzer)

Slide: A plastic or glass tube placed over the third or fourth finger of the left hand and used to play "slide" effects. (Alex Melzer)

Speed Metal: Speed Metal has roughly evolved around the same time as Thrash Metal. Both styles get confused a lot, because they are pretty similar. Just like Thrash Metal Speed Metal mostly is based upon the speed of the played music (who would have thought?). But Speed Metal is a lot more melodic. Almost all pure Speed Metal bands put a big emphasis on catchy melodies and intricate, fast guitar solos. The singers, too, are very melodic. Examples: BLIND GUARDIAN, (old) HELLOWEEN, AGENT STEEL. (Alex Melzer)

Staccato: Series of short, detached notes. Often to be heard in Thrash Metal. (Alex Melzer)

Stoner Rock/Metal: Building on the basis of a mix of Doom Metal and Hard Rock, but giving it an often more psychedelic edge, with heavy, slow riffing, Stoner Rock quickly began to rise in popularity. Lyrically Stoner bands often are associated (in many cases justified) with pot, getting high and generally getting stoned. Of course that is a generalization, so it is not to be awarded to all bands…


Straight Edge: This is a belief system associated with Hardcore. The basic 'rules', are to abstain from drugs, alcohol, and promiscuous sex. The term was originated by the Hardcore Punk band MINOR THREAT in the early 80s. (Harry Mazengarb)

Sweep picking: A picking technique, where the guitar player hits as many strings required in one picking motion. Arpeggios are often played in this manner. (Armen Janjanian)

Symphonic Black Metal: More atmospheric form of Black Metal. Contrary to the more traditional Black Metal this form often features a lot of melodies, keyboards, at times even full orchestration and more varied vocals, often also with female vocals and some clean male vocals to accentuate the gruff nature of the vocals. Lyrically we get the "traditional" theme of Satanism and the hate or denial for religions as well as more "dark poetry" or more medieval themes. Visually apart from the usual corpse paint, leather and spikes there al

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Jeremy    0

So li os primeiros mas alguns termos estão muito mal explicados... Blasbeat nem diz o que é... e quanto a Dirge é na realidade uma canção de "praise" aos recem-falecidos... so li até aqui e desisti...

P.S. - Ephel Duath rula ;)

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andreb    6

Bem nao sei onde retiraste essa informação mas aqui vão algumas rectificações

Contratempo: pausa no tempo forte figura no tempo fraco e não apenas uma acentuação no tempo fraco

Sobre a síncopa... simplesmente a nota do tempo fraco pronloga-se para o tempo tempo forte

Ressonância -

Fenômeno pelo qual um corpo sonoro vibra quando o atingem vibrações produzidas por outro

isto tá muito mal explicado mas pronto.

Ressonância tem a ver com a existência de certas frequências que acusticamente excitam o sistema de forma acentuada.

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